MORPURGO, SALOMONE (1860–1942), Italian philologist and librarian. While still a student, Morpurgo was an active member of the Italian nationalist movement. He was arrested by the Austrian authorities in his native Trieste and received a prison sentence. He then moved to Rome, where he became coeditor of the Archivio storico per Trieste, l'Istria e il Trentino (1881–95), which campaigned in favor of the Irredentist claim to Italy's Austrian-controlled territories. Best known for his literary work, Morpurgo was a coeditor of the Rivista critica della letteratura italiana (1884–91), director of the Riccardiana library in Rome (whose Manoscritti italiani he carefully described), and subsequently headed the Marciana library in Venice, which he transferred to the Palazzo della Zecca (La Biblioteca Marciana nella sua nuova sede, 1906). From 1905 to 1923 Morpurgo directed and reorganized the National Library in Florence. He investigated the medieval Italian version of the legend of the wandering jew , publishing L'ebreo errante in Italia (1891), and edited the Italian manuscript of the story written in Florence by Antonio di Francesco d'Andrea early in the 15th century, which predates the well-known German edition of the legend. A pupil of the eminent writer Giosuè Carducci (1835–1907), Morpurgo specialized in the study of old Italian dialects and literary sources, and prepared editions of various manuscripts, analyzing their linguistic features and their relation to the figurative arts. The outcome of this work was his Supplemento alle opere volgari a stampa dei secoli XIII e XIV, indicate e descritte da F. Zambrini (1929; reissued 1961). A leading authority on Dante and Petrarch, Morpurgo later taught Italian literature at the University of Bologna. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Battisti, in: Studi Trentini, 23 (1922), 135–6; L'Osservatore Romano (Feb. 18, 1942). (Giorgio Romano)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Morpurgo, Salomone — (1860 1942)    Italian philol ogist and librarian. From 1884 to 1942 he was director of the Biblioteca Riccardiana in Rome. He also served as head of the Biblioteca Marciana in Venice, which he transferred to the Palazzo della Zecca, and of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • MORPURGO — MORPURGOa, North Italian family of Austrian origin. Its earliest known member was Israel b. Pethahiah isserlein (1390–1460), who settled in Marburg, Styria, and became known also as R. Israel Marburg. In 1624 members of the Marburger or Marpurger …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elio Morpurgo — Pour les personnes ayant le même patronyme, voir Morpurgo.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Elia Morpurgo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ITALIAN LITERATURE — Influence of the Bible As in other European cultures, the Bible became known to the Italian literary and cultural world through the Latin Vulgate, which was extensively studied in medieval times and, to a lesser extent, in the humanist period of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TRIESTE — TRIESTE, port in Friuli, N. Italy. Although Jews may have lived in Trieste before the end of the 14th century, there is no authoritative information. After the city s annexation to Austria in 1382 Jews from Germany settled there; some were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ITALY — Jews have lived in Italy without interruption from the days of the Maccabees until the present, through a period of 21 centuries. Although they were never subjected to general expulsion, there were frequently partial ones. They often enjoyed good …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Biblioteca Marciana — Libreria, erbaut von Jacopo Sansovino. Die Biblioteca Marciana (Markusbibliothek, Bibliothek von San Marco, Libreria Marciana, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Libreria Sansoviniana, Landesbibliothek Marciana, Libreria Vecchia bzw. Libreria di San… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Biblioteca Marciana — 45° 26′ 00″ N 12° 20′ 20″ E / 45.43344, 12.338923 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Biblioteca di San Marco — Biblioteca Marciana Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marciana. Le Palazzo della Libreria sur la place Saint Marc à Venise …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Biblioteca nazionale Marciana — Biblioteca Marciana Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marciana. Le Palazzo della Libreria sur la place Saint Marc à Venise …   Wikipédia en Français

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